PYHÄ-LUOSTO NATIONAL PARK - JUST SO CLOSE!
Welcome to experience the magnificent landscape, beautiful natural features and peace of Pyhä-Luosto National Park, together with the area’s versatile services. The Pyhä-Luosto National Park is located just a side of Pyhä and Luosto tourist centres, connecting these two centres along the hiking and skiing trails. Pyhä-Luosto National Park is a superb destination for day trips and short hikes throughout the year. From the trails you gain lots of nice feelings and health!
The basic zone of the National Park is formed of Finland’s most southern fell chain. The area has many functions; it is for conserving nature, preserving indigenous people’s culture and serving as a destination for hiking and tourism.
The National Park consists of Pyhätunturi National Park (established in 1938) and of the Luosto area northwest of Pyhätunturi Fell. These were combined at the beginning of 2005 to form a new National Park.
In southwest areas of Ukko-Luosto Fell and Lampivaara Hill forests have not been logged and some trees are as old as 400 years. The Luosto area is known for its majestic old-growth pine forests and Pyhätunturi for its geology and Sámi history.
The fell chain is a collage of treeless peaks and deep ravines. Lush forests, some of them herb-rich forests, flourish in the area’s valleys and along brook banks.
More information about the Pyhä-Luosto national park: www.nationalparks.fi
Also from the internet site Excursionmap.fi you can find trails, resting places and services in the Pyhä-Luosto National Park.
The Naava is located in the centre of Pyhä, just next to the round-about along the Pyhä-Luosto road. In the Naava you will find tourist information, hiking information about the Pyhä-Luosto National Park, Café Loimu and a huge auditorium, that can be rented for meetings and congresses also.
SIGHTS IN THE PYHÄ-LUOSTO NATIONAL PARK
Isokuru Ravine - Magnificient geological speciality!
Isokuru Ravine is located between the Kultakero and Ukonhattu fell tops and is Finland’s deepest ravine at 220 metres deep.
A trail with wide duckboards at the bottom of the ravine leads to Lake Pyhänkasteenlampi and to the Pyhänkasteenputous Waterfall. At the edge of the Isokuru gorge there is a kota- hut as a resting place, about 1 kms from the Pyhä centre. To this kota it is possible to hike also in winter with normal shoes, snowshoes or xc-skies. Isokuru ravine is also possible to see in wintertime (hiking,snowshoeing or xc-skiing).
The formation and geology of Isokuru Ravine are featured on information boards along the trail. In winter, the route does not have the maintenance and the visits by is just at your own risk!
Lake Pyhänkasteenlampi, Pyhänkasteenputous Waterfall and Uhriharju Ridge
At the back of Isokuru Ravine in the centre of steep cliff walls is the 12 m deep Lake Pyhänkasteenlampi. A stream flowing down through Karhukuru Ravine flows into the lake and forms a 17 m high shower-like waterfall the Pyhäkaste Waterfall.
The names for the area’s magnificent sights come tell of beginnings of Christianity and the old beliefs of the Forest Sámi (Pyhänkasteenlampi = Holy Baptism lake, Uhriharju = sacrifice ridge and Noitatunturi = witch fell).
Deer and their antlers were sacrificed on Uhriharju Ridge in hope of a successful hunt.
An old Sámi place of worship a seita was transferred into a Christian place of worship when a minister Esaias Fellman performed a group christening at Lake Pyhäkasteenlampi for the area’s Sámi in the summer of 1648.
Isokuru area is restricted zone so movement is allowed only on marked route. It includes also the waterfall area so please do not go under the waterfall. This area is protected as arceological monument.
Noitatunturi Fell - great view over the Eastern Lapland!
The highest peak of the Pyhä-Luosto fell chain and the National Park is Noitatunturi Fell which rises up to 540 m. Hikers who brave the demanding route to the top are rewarded with magnificent views of the surrounding area.
Hikers following the Noitatunturi Trail will also pass Lake Annikinlampi which is deep within Kuorinkikuru Ravine up on a fell slope. In winter you can xc-ski to Noitatunturi fell along a "natural track" from Karhunjuomalampi and Annikinlampi, on the southern slope there is not winter trail.
The view towards the north is gorgeous! Noitatunturi Fell was previously called Seitatunturi, as it was an old Sámi place of worship. In winter, the route does not have the maintenance and the visits by is just at your own risk!
Cultural history and present : Loggers Cabin Ruins and Reindeer Fence
The ruins of the old loggers cabin by Porolaavu Trail tells the story of the area’s old logging tradition.
Logging took place at Pyhätunturi at the change of the 19th and 20th centuries. There are still signs of logging, such as tree stumps and winter roads.
Commercial forestry was practiced in the area until the National Park was established there in 1938. At the reindeer fences the Pyhä-Kallio Herders’ Association has reindeer round-ups at the end of the year.
During the round-ups reindeer are checked for their brands and those young which have yet to be branded have it done at this time. Reindeer which are to be slaughtered as also marked. Porolaavu lean-to can be reached along the summer and winter trails.
Amethyst at Lampivaara Hill
Quartz is the most common mineral in the earth’s crust after feldspar.
Amethyst a rare violet coloured see-through form of quartz has been found at Lampivaara in Luosto. The clearest parts of the amethyst found at Lampivaara are classified as a gem and is often used in jewellery.
Gathering amethyst gems from the National Park is forbidden except from the Amethyst Mine.
The Lampivaara Amethyst Mine is a sectioned off area within Pyhä-Luosto National Park and is one of the only jewel mines in the world where visitors are permitted. There is a café in Lampivaara Hut.
The grand Ukko-Luosto Fell rises from the area’s fell chain to a height of 514 metres.
After having climbed the 670 steps which have been carved into the cliff-side, hikers reach the top of the fell and can experience the high winds there and view the magnificent scenery of the surrounding aapa bogs and hills as well as the old-growth forests of which some of the trees are 400-years-old. The longer nature trail ( Vaellusluontopolku in signs ) pops also at the top of Ukko-Luosto Fell. In winter, the route is not maintained in winter, and visits by is just at your own risk!
Old-growth Forests at Ukko-Luosto
The forests at Ukko-Luosto Fell slopes and on the southwest side of Lampivaara have not been touched by forestry and some of the trees there are 400-years-old.
Luosto is known for example for its grand old pine forests. Along the longer nature trail called Vaellusluontopolku (Finnish, in signs) you can feel the athmosphere of these great old forests. In winter a xc-skiing track curves along the western slope of Ukko-Luosto Fell. In winter, the route does not have the maintenance and the visits by is just at your own risk!
Rykimäkero Storage Holds
In olden times hunters stored their catch and other equipment such as clothing and animal furs in traditional food storage rooms which were built atop a strong pole or tree stump to keep them safe from predators.
These were built by hunting grounds far from settlements. Especially during winter these storage places were used for storing catches and equipment up until they could be taken to the village.
There is also a traditional Lappish wooden storehouse and a big kota- hut as resting place in the area. To Rykimäkero area it is only 600 metres distance from the parking place, from here you can also go to the Lampivaara.
Rykimäkuru Ravine is an impressive tear in the rock bed or a gorge.
This gorge is different from the area’s other ravines as it formed in a tear in the Earth’s crust while the ravines were formed by water from melted ice during the Ice Age.
Pyhä-Luosto or Luosto-Pyhä Trail : better in both ways!
Both fell centres are combined by summer and winter trails. The distance is about 35 kms, depends on choise of the trail. There is several resting places and huts, also two huts to reserve.
More information about the Pyhä-Luosto national park: www.nationalparks.fi and trails Excursionmap.fi
Take away all your litter when you leave, to help reduce the need for disruptive waste collection. Here you find all ecopoints in this area.