PYHÄ-LUOSTO NATIONAL PARK - JUST SO CLOSE!
Welcome to experience the magnificent landscape, beautiful natural features and peace of Pyhä-Luosto National Park, together with the area’s versatile services. The Pyhä-Luosto National Park is located just by Pyhä and Luosto tourist centres, connecting these two resorts along the hiking and skiing trails. Pyhä-Luosto National Park is a superb destination for day trips and short hikes throughout the year.
The basic zone of the National Park is formed of Finland’s southernmost fell chain. The area has many functions; it is for conserving nature, preserving indigenous people's culture and serving as a destination for hiking and tourism.
The National Park consists of Finland's oldest National Park (Pyhätunturi National Park established already in 1938) and of the Luosto area northwest of Pyhätunturi Fell. These were combined at the beginning of 2005 to form a new National Park.
In southwest areas of Ukko-Luosto Fell and Lampivaara Hill forests have not been logged and some trees are as old as 400 years. The Luosto area is known for its majestic old-growth pine forests and Pyhätunturi for its geology and Forest Sámi history.
The fell chain is a collage of treeless peaks and deep ravines. Lush forests, some of them herb-rich forests, flourish in the area’s valleys and along brook banks.
More information about the Pyhä-Luosto National Park: www.nationalparks.fi
Also from the internet site Excursionmap.fiyou can find trails, resting places and services in the Pyhä-Luosto National Park.
If you are planning a hike in Pyhä-Luosto National Park, Visitor Centre Naava is a good place to start and get more information.
Visitor Centre Naava is located in the centre of Pyhä, just next to the round-about along the Pyhä-Luosto road. Naava offers tourist information as well as more information about the Pyhä-Luosto National Park.
SIGHTS IN THE PYHÄ-LUOSTO NATIONAL PARK
Isokuru gorge - Magnificient geological speciality!
Isokuru gorge is located between the Kultakero and Ukonhattu fell tops and is Finland’s deepest gorge at 220 metres deep.
A trail with wide duckboards at the bottom of the gorge leads to pond Pyhänkasteenlampi and to the Pyhänkasteenputous Waterfall. At the mouth of the Isokuru gorge there is a rest area, about 2 kms from Visitor Centre Naava.
The formation and geology of Isokuru gorge are featured on information boards along the trail.
Kindly notice that Isokuru gorge is a restricted area year round and visitors must stay on the marked summer trail at all times. That is for visitor safety and protecting the unique nature in the gorge. There is no winter trail to the gorge due to avalanche danger.
Lake Pyhänkasteenlampi, Pyhänkasteenputous Waterfall and Uhriharju Ridge
At the back of Isokuru Ravine in the centre of steep cliff walls is the 12 m deep Lake Pyhänkasteenlampi. A stream flowing down through Karhukuru Ravine flows into the lake and forms a 17 m high shower-like waterfall the Pyhäkaste Waterfall.
The names for the area’s magnificent sights come tell of beginnings of Christianity and the old beliefs of the Forest Sámi (Pyhänkasteenlampi = Holy Baptism lake, Uhriharju = sacrifice ridge and Noitatunturi = witch fell).
Deer and their antlers were sacrificed on Uhriharju Ridge in hope of a successful hunt.
An old Sámi place of worship a seita was transferred into a Christian place of worship when a minister Esaias Fellman performed a group christening at Lake Pyhäkasteenlampi for the area’s Sámi in the summer of 1648.
Kindly notice that Isokuru gorge is a restricted area year round and visitors must stay on the marked summer trail at all times. That is for visitor safety and protecting the unique nature in the gorge. It includes also the waterfall area so do not go under the waterfall. This area is protected as archaeological monument. There is no winter trail to the gorge due to avalanche danger.
Noitatunturi Fell - great view over Eastern Lapland!
The highest peak of the Pyhä-Luosto fell chain and the National Park is Noitatunturi Fell which rises up to 540 m. Hikers who brave the demanding rocky summer route to the top are rewarded with magnificent views of the surrounding area.
Hikers following the Noitatunturi Trail will also pass Lake Annikinlampi which is deep within Kuorinkikuru Ravine up on a fell slope.
The view towards the north is gorgeous! Noitatunturi Fell was previously called Seitatunturi, as it was an old Sámi place of worship.
Cultural history and present : Loggers Cabin Ruins and Reindeer Fence
The ruins of the old loggers cabin by Porolaavu Trail tells the story of the area’s old logging tradition.
Logging took place at Pyhätunturi at the change of the 19th and 20th centuries. There are still signs of logging, such as tree stumps and winter roads.
Commercial forestry was practiced in the area until the National Park was established there in 1938. At the reindeer fences the Pyhä-Kallio Herders’ Association has reindeer round-ups at the end of the year.
During the round-ups reindeer are checked for their brands and those young which have yet to be branded have it done at this time. Reindeer which are to be slaughtered are also marked. Porolaavu lean-to can be reached along the summer and winter trails.
Amethyst at Lampivaara Hill
Quartz is the most common mineral in the earth’s crust after feldspar.
Amethyst, a rare violet coloured see-through form of quartz, has been found at Lampivaara in Luosto. The clearest parts of the amethyst found at Lampivaara are classified as a gem and is often used in jewellery.
Gathering or collecting any kinds of rocks from the National Park is forbidden except during a guided tour to the Amethyst Mine.
The Lampivaara Amethyst Mine is a sectioned off area within Pyhä-Luosto National Park and is one of the only jewel mines in the world where visitors are permitted. There is a café at Lampivaara rest area.
The grand Ukko-Luosto Fell rises from the area’s fell chain to a height of 514 metres.
After a steep climb hikers reach the top of the fell and can experience the high winds there and view the magnificent scenery of the surrounding aapa bogs and hills as well as the old-growth forests in which some of the trees are 400-years-old. The longer Luosto Nature Hiking Trail pops also at the top of Ukko-Luosto Fell.
Old-growth Forests at Ukko-Luosto
The forests at Ukko-Luosto Fell slopes and on the southwest side of Lampivaara have not been touched by forestry and some of the trees there are 400-years-old.
Luosto is known for example for its grand old pine forests. Along the longer Luosto Nature Hiking Trail you can feel the atmosphere of these great old forests. In winter a cross-country skiing track curves along the western slope of Ukko-Luosto Fell.
Rykimäkero Storage Holds
In old times hunters stored their catch and other equipment such as clothing and animal furs in traditional food storage rooms which were built atop a strong pole or tree stump to keep them safe from predators.
These were built by hunting grounds far from settlements. Especially during winter these storage places were used for storing catches and equipment up until they could be taken to the village.
There is also a traditional Lappish wooden storehouse and a big Lapp hut as resting place in the area. To Rykimäkero rest area it is only 600 metres distance from the parking place, from here you can also go to the Lampivaara.
Rykimäkuru Ravine is an impressive tear in the rock bed.
This gorge is different from the area’s other ravines as it formed in a tear in the Earth’s crust while the ravines were formed by water from melted ice during the Ice Age.
Pyhä-Luosto or Luosto-Pyhä Trail : better in both ways!
Both fell centres are combined by summer and winter trails. The distance is about 35 kms, depending on route choice. There are several rest areas and huts, also two rental huts.
More information about the Pyhä-Luosto National Park: www.nationalparks.fi and trails Excursionmap.fi
“Pack it in, pack it out!”
Take away all your litter when you leave, to help reduce the need for disruptive waste collection. When you leave no trace, you respect our country's most valuable nature and other people wishing to enjoy it. There are ecopoints in both resort centres where you can recycle your rubbish.